Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on the realization that feelings are largely caused by automatic thoughts and persistent attitudes. By self-damaging, irrational beliefs such as catastrophizing ("That's all going to go wrong") or the black and white thinking ("If I can not do that, I'm a failure") develops a negative self-image, the emergence of a psychic may favor interference. The goal of the therapy is to change these irrational, unhealthy thoughts and attitudes. In therapy, these thought patterns and attitudes are made aware and their origin clarified in the biography of the patient. Cognitive restructuring questions and validates these attitudes and develops new, more helpful strategies and thought patterns.
In addition to the processing of thought patterns, concrete behavioral techniques are also learned in cognitive VT. The basic assumption is that behavior has been learned and therefore can be unlearned again. Exercises on social competence (e.g. self-confident behavior, saying "no", expressing wishes, asserting its right, expressing feelings, making contacts), self-confidence training, relaxation procedures and confrontational methods for reducing fears and constraints are used.
The good efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy has been scientifically proven many times over. It has proven to be particularly effective in the treatment of depression and anxiety. But other disorders can be successfully treated with this therapy. Due to its high efficacy, behavioral therapy is one of the health insurance companies recognized treatment methods and the costs of therapy are usually taken over by the health insurance company.